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Wild Bergamot

Monarda fistulosa
Wild Bergamot_edited.jpg

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Wild Bergamot has a wide variety of medicinal uses identified by Indigenous Americans. The tops of the plant were dried and used as a sternutatory for the relief of colds. The leaves were placed in warm water baths for babies. The Flambeau Ojibwe gathered and dried the whole plant, boiling it in a vessel to obtain the volatile oil to inhale to cure catarrh and bronchial affections. The Meskwaki used this plant in combination with other plants to relieve colds. A decoction of boiled leaves was used as a cure for eruptions on the face. The Cherokee made a warm poultice of the plant to relieve a headache. The Blackfoot made a tea from the blossoms and leaves to cure stomach pains. They also applied boiled leaves to the pustules of acne. The Tewa dried the plant and ground it into a powder that was rubbed over the head to cure headaches, over the body to cure fever, and as a remedy for sore eyes and colds.

 

Early white settlers used it for the relief of flatulent colic, nausea and vomiting.

Information courtesy of US Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service

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